Following Operation Market Garden, many British airborne troops in the Arnhem and Oosterbeek area were cut off from their own forces and subsequently wandered through the Veluwe region. Several hundred of them were hidden by the Dutch resistance in and around Ede. A large escape operation was then planned. In the night of 22 October 1944, 138 soldiers were able to escape in Operation Pegasus I. Since not all the Allied soldiers in hiding were able to join Operation Pegasus I, a follow-up Operation Pegasus II was planned in November 1944.