July 1943: Going into hiding in Molenstraat

In this picture you see Hanneke and Jenneke, the two daughters of Sarina and Isaäc Leijdesdorff-Hoek. Harlingen, March 1939. Source: Joods Monument.

At the start of the German occupation, little seemed to change for the Dutch population. But gradually, stricter measures were introduced. Civil servants and teachers had to sign an ‘Aryan declaration’, and in November 1940, all Jewish civil servants were dismissed. From early 1941, Jews were obliged to report for forced employment. This was followed by introduction of the personal identity card in April 1941 and as of 3 May 1942, all Jews had to wear a yellow star on their clothing.

Memories of war locations