Historical Military Information Point De Smederij
On the 1st of May 1906, infantry battalions became the first inhabitants of the Ede Garrison. They're infantry battalions, each about 750 men strong. During the entrance of these infantrymen, military music is played as they march through the village. They are stationed in two large infantry barracks, and when they are ready they start the construction of field artillery barracks, and a cavalry barracks immediately. Both the artillery and the cavalry are called 'Mounted Weapons' because they utilise horses.
Next to the army buildings, stables have to be built, where a total of more than 500 horses can be housed. The hussars are each assigned a horse. It's up early; the reveille is at 5:30 a.m. The men untie their horses and then turn left out of the stable, and proceed outside to the drinking trough. After that, they fasten their horses to the building so that they can clean their hooves. The horses are then cleaned with a curry comb and a body brush, their eyes and nostrils are wiped with a sponge. Upon command, the horses are led back inside the stables and are tied up again. Each horse receives a bag of oats in the feeding trough. They love it.
The men then return to their large accommodation building, where they find a 'kug' in their straw bag. With bread on their plate and a bowl, they sit down at the wooden table. Corvée bring coffee, butter and spreads from the kitchen, everything is handed out, and the men eat breakfast. The bread is good but dry, so you have to drink with it. The food has to go down quickly because soon it's time to change into their riding outfits and go back to the stable to collect their horses. The men then practise riding all day in the cavalry barn as well as on a public road and, they also ride a lot on the nearby heath. At 5 p.m. it is the end of the shift, and the men eat in their quarters where their meal is served in mess tins. And after dinner the soldiers are free. At 10 p.m. the tattoo sounds, time for bed.
The barracks for field artillery and cavalry are built in a chalet style. The windows are large with lots of light and air, they are very different from the two first infantry barracks. The Forge is situated next to the stables, and here there are several workshops. Every few months the horses have to go to the farrier, where they are fitted with new horseshoes. The blacksmith works in the blacksmith's shed the two farriers and a sword-smith all work here too. The sword-smith is also the armourer of the cavalry.
Just like during the First World War in 1939, the Netherlands wants to be absent in the war between Germany, France and England. We are neutral. On the 28th of August 1939, thousands of soldiers were mobilised in our country. The Ede garrison, with its many barracks, is one of the places where these men congregate. In addition to this at the stations in Ede-Wageningen and Ede-Centre, approximately 2,500 extra horses were brought in for military service.